What Are Enlarged Hemorrhoids? 

Enlarged hemorrhoids — also known as piles — are a common yet uncomfortable condition that affects the veins in the rectum and anus. They occur when the veins become swollen due to increased pressure, often as a result of straining during bowel movements, prolonged sitting, obesity or during pregnancy. 

Enlarged hemorrhoids are much more common than many people might suppose, affecting both men and women. According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, about half of adults aged 50 and above have experienced the symptoms of hemorrhoids. While the condition may not be often discussed due to embarrassment or discomfort, it is indeed prevalent and affects a significant portion of the population. It’s important to understand that experiencing hemorrhoids is not unusual, and various effective treatment options are available.

what are enlarged hemorrhoids

Types of Hemorrhoids

There are two types of hemorrhoids:

  • Internal, occurring deep inside the rectum
  • External, under the skin around the anus


Internal Hemorrhoids

Internal hemorrhoids are located deep inside the rectum. They’re generally not visible and are often painless because fewer pain-sensing nerves are in this part of the body. However, straining or irritation can cause bleeding or protrusion during bowel movements. In severe cases, internal hemorrhoids can prolapse, stretching down and protruding from the anus.

External Hemorrhoids

On the other hand, external hemorrhoids are under the skin around the anus, where there are many more pain-sensing nerves. Therefore, they are often more uncomfortable and can cause significant pain or discomfort, especially if a blood clot forms within them. Symptoms of external hemorrhoids can include bleeding, swelling and tender lumps around the anus. In many cases, home remedies can help manage the symptoms, but persistent or severe cases may require medical attention.

Hemorrhoid Symptoms

While many people may have hemorrhoids, not all experience symptoms. However, when symptoms do occur, they can be both physically uncomfortable and cause emotional stress due to their location and nature. It’s crucial to consult with a healthcare provider if you suspect you have hemorrhoids, especially if you notice any bleeding.

The most common symptoms of hemorrhoids include:

  • Discomfort
  • Itching
  • Pain around the anal region
  • Bleeding during bowel movements


In addition to these symptoms, there are several others that people may experience as well. These symptoms can vary depending on the type of hemorrhoid and the severity of the condition, such as: 

  • Internal hemorrhoids: For this type, one of the most common symptoms is painless bleeding during bowel movements. You might notice streaks of bright red blood on toilet paper after straining to pass a stool. In some cases, internal hemorrhoids can prolapse — or stretch and protrude from the anus — leading to feelings of rectal fullness or discomfort and visible signs of a protrusion or lump.
  • External hemorrhoids: These often result in more discomfort due to the location. Symptoms can include pain, especially while sitting, swelling around the anus and possible bleeding. One or more hard lumps could be near the anus, leading to acute pain if a blood clot forms. 


If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, seek medical advice. Early detection and diagnosis can lead to effective treatment and can rule out more serious causes for your symptoms.

symptoms of enlarged hemorrhoids

Treatment Options for Hemorrhoids

Various treatment options are available for hemorrhoids, depending on the severity of the condition. These range from simple at-home remedies to more advanced surgical procedures. For many people, simple lifestyle changes such as increasing dietary fiber and fluids, soaking regularly in a warm bath and applying a hemorrhoid cream or suppository can alleviate symptoms. Over-the-counter pain relievers — like acetaminophen, aspirin or ibuprofen — may also help with pain and swelling. 

In cases where these conservative measures prove ineffective, medical intervention may be necessary. One of the less invasive options is rubber band ligation, where a rubber band is placed around the base of the hemorrhoid to cut off its blood flow, causing it to die and fall off.

However, there is a newer, minimally invasive treatment option called hemorrhoid embolization. 

Traditional Hemorrhoid Surgery vs. Hemorrhoid Embolization 

When it comes to treating enlarged hemorrhoids, traditional hemorrhoid treatment has often involved invasive surgery. This procedure, while effective, can lead to considerable pain, bleeding and a prolonged recovery period. Patients often need several weeks to fully recover, during which they may experience discomfort and inconvenience. 

In contrast, hemorrhoid embolization presents a minimally invasive alternative. This procedure involves the use of a small catheter to block the blood supply to the hemorrhoids, causing them to shrink and eventually disappear.

Benefits of Hemorrhoid Embolization

The main advantages of hemorrhoid embolization are its safety and effectiveness. As it is minimally invasive, the risk of complications is significantly lower than with traditional surgery. Patients experience less pain, minimal bleeding and a faster recovery time, often returning to their normal activities within a few days.

Moreover, hemorrhoid embolization is surprisingly affordable. Compared to the costs associated with traditional surgery and hospital stays, it is a much more cost-effective option for patients. This makes it an attractive choice for those who are concerned about their financial situation or lack of insurance coverage. 

Overall, hemorrhoid embolization offers a convenient and effective solution for those suffering from enlarged hemorrhoids. It is less invasive than traditional surgery and comes with fewer risks and a much faster recovery time. Additionally, it is quite cost-effective, making it an ideal choice for those seeking relief without breaking the bank. If you are looking for an effective way to treat your enlarged hemorrhoids with minimal pain and hassle, then this may be the ideal treatment option for you. 

Hemorrhoid Treatments at Texas Vein & Wellness Institute

In summary, hemorrhoid embolization offers a safer, less painful and more convenient alternative. Contact us to request an appointment and see whether hemorrhoid embolization is right for you. Take control of your health today.

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