What You Need to Know About Pelvic Varicose Veins

What You Need to Know About Pelvic Varicose Veins

What You Need to Know About Pelvic Varicose Veins

Do you have chronic pelvic pain? Pelvic congestion may be to blame. Pelvic varicose veins are like the varicose veins that are found in the legs, only they are found in the veins of the pelvis. When blood backs up into the veins, it makes them enlarged and engorged. Read on to learn more about pelvic varicose veins and what to do if you suffer from this painful condition.

What are the symptoms?

Pelvic varicose veins may present as dull and aching but also acute at times. Pain tends to be worse at the end of the day and after long periods of standing. People who suffer from pelvic varicose veins often say the pain is worse when they sit or stand. Lying down relieves the pain. It also causes lower back pain, aches in the legs and pain during sex. Women suffer from pelvic varicose veins more frequently than men, but some men do have this condition. Women report the pain starting about a week before their period begins.

How else is this syndrome different in women?

Women who have pelvic varicose veins may also have an enlarged uterus, thicker endometrium, ovarian changes, stress incontinence, back pain, vaginal discharge, severe menstrual pain, abdominal bloating, mood swings and fatigue.

What causes this syndrome?

Venous insufficiency is a condition in which vein walls become weak. Valves within the vein deteriorate and allow blood to flow backward. This leads to the formation of varicose veins.

What are the risk factors?

If you have a sedentary lifestyle, are obese, have a family history of varicose veins or have had experienced repeated pregnancies, you are more prone to pelvic varicose veins.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Your doctor will do a thorough exam and may do testing such as a Doppler ultrasound to see the varicose veins in the pelvic region. The exam and testing will also rule out other causes behind the pain before diagnosing you with pelvic varicose veins. A CT venogram using contrast dye is another test that can show affected veins on an X-ray.

To remove these varicose veins, embolization will be performed. A metal coil will be inserted into the femoral vein or the ovarian vein to cause a clot to form and block blood flow, or a sclerosant solution will be used to irritate the diseased vein.